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Pontificia Academia Mariana Internationalis (PAMI)


Traditionally Approved

40 - 999 1400 - 1499
1000 - 1099 1500 - 1599
1100 - 1199 1600 - 1699
1200 - 1299 1700 - 1799
1300 - 1399 1800 - 1899

Vatican Approved
Bishop Approved
Coptic Approved
Approved for Faith Expression
Apparitions to Saints
Unapproved Apparitions

Pontificia Academia Mariana Internationalis - The Pontifical International Marian Academy (PAMI)

The Pontifical International Marian Academy (PAMI) has its origins with the order of Friars Minor. On July 27, 1946, the Minister General created the Commissio Marialis Franciscana at the International College of St. Anthony in Rome. Its task was to coordinate and promote studies in favor of Marian doctrine and devotion in the order of Friars Minor. These studies especially dealt with the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception, which was celebrating its first centenary and the Dogma of the Assumption of Mary, which was about to be defined. For this reason various Congresses dedicated to the Assumption were held.

The first President of the Commissio was Friar Carlo Balic, who directed the Chair of Marian Studies at the Pontifical Atheneum Antonianum. The "Ordinationes peculiares" of this Commissio were approved by the General Definitorium on April 30, 1947, and asked for the institution of a Marian Academy in Rome. This Academy was given the specific task of organizing scientific debates and conferences as well as care for the publication of the "Bibliotheca Mariana". This Academy was officially inaugurated by the Minister General Friar Pacifico Perantoni on April 29, 1947 during the first Mariological Congress of the Italian Friars Minor. According to the Statuta pecularia it was the task of the Minister General, as Honorary President, to name the director of the Academy, which began working with the Commissio.

The activities of the Commissio-Academia gave Balic the possibility of getting to know many theologians and Marian scholars from around the world. It was during these Encounters dedicated to the Assumption that he met renowned Marian scholars of the Catholic world and had the chance to exchange ideas and opinions, making notes of differences, confusions and even contradictions. All of this stimulated him to transform the Commissio-Academia into an international body, open to all, for the coordination of Marian studies around the world. In this way, single Mariological institutions would be able to join their efforts as well as exchange ideas and research for Mariology.

In 1950 the Academia Mariana Internationalis was presented to the theological world with the celebration of the first International Mariological Congress and the eighth International Marian Congress. The Congresses of 1948 and 1958 followed and in this way the Academia proved its competence in organizing these great international gatherings. Given the fact that there needed to be special permission given each time that there was a celebration of an International Congress, the Holy See was asked to institute a permanent organ for the promotion and moderation of the Mariological-Marian Congresses. The Academia Mariana was proposed for this responsibility. On December 8, 1959, Pope John XXIII, with the motu proprio Maiora in dies gave the Academy the title of "Pontifical". In this way he instituted in it the permanent Committee charged with organizing the celebration of International Mariological and Marian Congresses. Said Committee, with the Statutes approved by Pope John Paul II, is the Council of the Academy.

The work of PAMI has a twofold purpose: to promote and favor the scientific studies of the Virgin Mary, be they speculative or historical-critical, and to organize periodic Marian Conventions and Congresses. The results of which are edited and published in Mariological Collections, be they historical or theological in nature.

It is the will of the Church that it be an International, yet centralized body for the coordination or Mariological work in various nations and in the single scientific entities. This task of coordination was highlighted by the pontifical document of Pope John XXIII: "It is our desire that this our Academy continue, as it has up till now, to work for the friendly union of forces and intent of all other Marian Academies and Societies existing in the world so as to contribute to the praise and honor of the Virgin Mary."

1900: 1st International Marian Congress celebrated in Lyon, France.

1902: 2nd International Marian Congress celebrated in Fribourg, Switzerland.

1904: 3rd International Marian Congress celebrated in Rome.

1906: 4th International Marian Congress celebrated in Einsiedeln, Switzerland.

1908: 5th International Marian Congress celebrated in Salzburg, Austria.

1910: 6th International Marian Congress celebrated in Zaragoza, Spain.

1912: 7th International Marian Congress celebrated in Treviri, Germany.

The Congresses ended due to the World Wars and were begun once again in:

1950: 1st International Mariological and 8th Marian Congress celebrated in Rome; theme: Alma Socia Christi.

1954: 2nd International Mariological and 9th Marian Congress celebrated in Rome; theme: Virgo Immaculata.

1958: 3rd International Mariological and 10th Marian Congress celebrated in Lourdes; theme: Maria et Ecclesia.

1965: 4th International Mariological and 11th Marian Congress celebrated in St. Domingo; theme: Maria in S. Scriptura.

1967: 5th International Mariological and 12th Marian Congress celebrated in Lisbon; theme: De Primordiis Cultus Mariani (Mariologia Patristica).

1971: 6th International Mariological and 13th Marian Congress celebrated in Zagrabia; theme: De cultu mariano saeculis VI-XI.

1975: 7th International Mariological and 14th Marian Congress celebrated in Rome; theme: De cultu mariano saeculis XII-XV.

1979: 8th International Mariological and 15th Marian Congress celebrated in Saragoza; theme: De cultu mariano saeculis XVI.

1983: 9th International Mariological and 16th Marian Congress celebrated in Malta; theme: De cultu mariano saeculis XVII-XVIII.

1987: 10th International Mariological and 17th Marian Congress celebrated in Kevelaer; theme: De cultu mariano saeculis XIX-XX.

1992: 11th International Mariological and 18th Marian Congress celebrated in Huelva; theme: De cultu mariano saeculo XX. Post Concilium Vaticanum II [Marian doctrine, devotion and cult from Vatican Council II up to our day].

1996: 12th International Mariological and 19th Marian Congress celebrated in Czestochowa; theme: Maria, Mater Domini in mysterio salutis, quod ab Orientis et Occidentis Ecclesiis in Spiritu Sancto hodie celebratur [Mary, Mother of the Lord, in the mystery of salvation as celebrated in the Eastern and Western Churches].

2000: 13th International Mariological and 20th Marian Congress celebrated in Rome; theme: Maria e il mistero della Santa Trinità [Mary and the Mystery of the Holy Trinity].

2004: 14th International Mariological and 21st Marian Congress to be celebrated in Rome; theme: Maria de Nazaret accoglie il Figlio di Dio nella storia [Mary of Nazareth welcomes the Son of God into history].

Twenty-Second International Mariological Congress
Lourdes, France
September 4-8, 2008
"Apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary in History, Faith and Theology"

Twenty-Third International Mariological Congress
Rome, Italy
September 4-9, 2012

"The Mariology from the Second Vatican Council"

Source: International Marian Research Institute (IMRI), Dayton

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